Session Prosody X:
Prosody X: Tonal Realisation and Accommodation
Tonal Realization of Syllabic Affiliation in Spanish
Francisco Torreira, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
|This study explicitly addresses the hypothesis that pitch accents are aligned to syllables by examining the F0 shape of rising accents over similar segmental material differing in syllabic affiliation. A consistent correlate of syllabic affiliation is found in the timing of the rising F0 movement with respect to an independent segmental landmark. Our results provide phonetic evidence of resyllabification and of the role played by the syllable as an abstract unit guiding speech production.
Phrase-Final Pitch Accommodation Effects in Dutch
Judith Hanssen, Radboud University Nijmegen
Jörg Peters, Radboud University Nijmegen
Carlos Gussenhoven, Radboud University Nijmegen
|A production experiment was carried out in order to establish the ways in which speakers of Dutch adjust the pitch contours of three frequently used nuclear contours, the Fall, the Rise, and the Fall-Rise, in phrase-final syllables with varying amounts of sonorant segmental material in the rime. It was found that the Fall and the Rise were somewhat compressed as well as somewhat truncated. The way the Fall-Rise was affected cannot properly be described in terms of either of these concepts, as its overall pitch range was reduced as sonorant portions were shorter. F0 range compression was thus applied to all three contour types, time compression only to the Fall and the Rise.
Prosodic accommodation by French speakers to a non-native interlocutor
Caroline L. Smith, University of New Mexico
|On-line accommodation to an interlocutor is often cited as an explanation for phonetic variation. Prosodic evidence for speakers’ accommodation was investigated in a task that was expected to favor modification: giving directions to a non-native interlocutor, compared to the same task with a native interlocutor. Ten native speakers of French were recorded in spontaneous conversation in the two conditions. With the non-native, they used a significantly greater F0 range, and segmental modifications compatible with a more emphatic speech style, but did not modify speech rate or utterance duration. These results suggest that accommodations can include both language-specific and universal properties, and that speakers can selectively implement different ways of accommodating.
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