Session Phonetic Psycholing. III:

Phonetic Psycholinguistics III: Speech Variability

Type: oral
Chair: Joan Sereno
Date: Wednesday - August 08, 2007
Time: 09:00
Room: 6 (Black)


Phonetic Psycholing. III-1 Speakers differentiate English intrusive and onset /r/, but L2 listeners do not
Annelie Tuinman, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
Holger Mitterer, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
Anne Cutler, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
Paper File
  We investigated whether non-native listeners can exploit phonetic detail in recognizing potentially ambiguous utterances, as native listeners can [6, 7, 8, 9, 10]. Due to the phenomenon of intrusive /r/, the phrase extra ice may sound like extra rice. A production study indicates that the intrusive /r/ can be distinguished from the onset /r/ in rice, as it is phonetically weaker. In two cross-modal identity priming studies, however, we found no conclusive evidence that Dutch learners of English are able to make use of this difference. Instead, auditory primes such as extra rice and extra ice with onset and intrusive /r/s activate both types of targets such as ice and rice. This supports the notion of spurious lexical activation in L2 perception.
Mirjam Broersma, Radboud University Nijmegen
Paper File
  Two Cross-Modal Priming experiments assessed lexical activation of unintended words for nonnative (Dutch) and English native listeners. Stimuli mismatched words in final voicing, which in earlier studies caused spurious lexical activation for Dutch listeners. The stimuli were embedded in or cut out of a carrier (PRESident). The presence of a longer lexical competitor in the signal or as a possible continuation of it prevented spurious lexical activation of mismatching words (press).
Phonetic Psycholing. III-3 Dutch listeners' use of suprasegmental cues to English stress
Anne Cutler, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
Roger Wales, LaTrobe University
Nicole Cooper, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
Joris Janssen , Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
Paper File
  Dutch listeners outperform native listeners in identifying syllable stress in English. This is because lexical stress is more useful in recognition of spoken words of Dutch than of English, so that Dutch listeners pay greater attention to stress in general. We examined Dutch listeners’ use of the acoustic correlates of English stress. Primary- and secondary-stressed syllables differ significantly on acoustic measures, and some differences, in F0 especially, correlate with data of earlier listening experiments. The correlations found in the Dutch responses were not paralleled in data from native listeners. Thus the acoustic cues which distinguish English primary versus secondary stress are better exploited by Dutch than by native listeners.

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